Saturday, March 24, 2018

Cosmic Rules and Karmic Events


Cosmos and Humans

Every human being existing is governed by cosmic rules.

Now what are these cosmic rules

Cosmic rules are those that controlled his past, controlling his present and will eventually control his future.

One does then wonder how these cosmic rules form

It can be simplified to the factual esoteric equation that only a marginal few can eventually relate to, because with the advent of science and the western thought process of “I give a shit”, allthough the cosmic rules and the phenomena that occur in the backdrop will eventually kick them in their butt and by the time realization strikes they will be in deep shit, is when they tend to fall back on track and talk about oneness with the supernatural being.

The cosmic rules that form is governed by a few simple facts:

Place (latitude & longitude) & time of birth, these eventually give the planetary positions, the nakshatra that the child is born into. That child is then having a basic set of rules that it is governed by. These are the basis of the cosmic rules. Every human is naturally endowed with these cosmic rules whether he or she wants to accept it or not.

When two people with their cosmic rules meet, see, talk to, talk about, think, consider, mate, give birth to etc. This list can be endless. Then these minimal of two rules will generate what is called a cosmic phenomenon. Now when that phenomenon is positive it culminates in a positive way and karmic events are generated which has a certain life cycle. These karmic events have their own jumbled up criteria, which must be discussed and the best way of working through those pathways will then be defined.

Now one need not think that karmic events are only formed when two or more people are involved. There are a lot of karmic events that are formed when the individual evolves through what is called a thought process as well.

01. Cosmic Rules
02. Cosmic Phenomenon
03. Karmic Events
04. Tangled and untangled pathways

Be it a one to one, a group, or FB or any other media every time thoughts cross paths a new cosmic phenomenon is naturally forming, everyone has a way of thought so effectively every human with a definitive set of cosmic rules tends to create innumerable cosmic phenomenon and thus innumerable karmic events, similarly the pathways.

The combinations are unimaginable.

The New Guru in Town!

Thursday, November 18, 2010

Pradakshna

Pradakshina (Sanskrit), meaning circumambulation, consists of walking around in a 'circle' as a form of worship in Hindu ceremonies in India. The devotees walk around the sanctum sanctorum, the innermost chamber of the shrine housing the temple deity. It is done around sacred fire (Agni), trees and plants as well. Thus Pradakshina is done around Tulsi plant and Peepal tree. Pradakshina or Parikrama is done in pilgrimage centres also. Parikrama around the Govardhana mount near Mathura (UP) is very famous. This parikrama involves a walk of 26 miles around Govardhana hillock which is related to Shri Krishna's life as a child.

The circumambulation is done usually in a clockwise direction except in the Shiva temples. The clockwise direction is followed since the devotees should have their rightside towards the object of worship. For this, the devotees will have to walk towards their left hand side from the front of the object of worship. Pradakshina literally means: to the right (Dakshina means right). The Bali stones should be included in the Pradakshina purview. So in Pradakshina, one goes to the left hand direction to keep the deity as also the Bali Stones around the Sanctum Sanctorum on one's right side.

Pradakshina is one of the customary aspects of going to a temple. Typically, Pradakshina is done after the completion of traditional worship (puja) and after paying homage to the deity. Pradakshina is supposed to be done with a meditative mood.

The pathway made of granite stone around the shrine is called the Pradakshina path.
Pradakshina around the sacred fire is a part of the Hindu marriage ceremony.

Speciality of Pradakshina in SHIVA Temples
In Shiva temples, the devotees start the Pradakshina as usual from the front and go clockwise till they reach the gomukhi (the outlet for abhisheka water) from the Sanctum Sanctorum. As usual the clockwise perambulation is maintained outside of the Bali stones. The drainage outlet for the ritual ablution offered on the Shiva Linga with water, milk, curd, coconut water, ghee, ashes (bhasma)etc. is not to be crossed. So the worshippers have to return in anti-clockwise direction till they reach the other side of the drainage outlet to complete the circle. During this anti-clockwise perambulation, the devotee should tread a path inside of the Bali stones. The Bali stones are always to be kept the right side of the devotees. After reaching the drainage oulet, they have to return to the front in the clockwise direction keeping the path outside the Bali stones. Thus one Pradakshina is completed.

Shayana Pradakshinam
Shayana Pradakshinam is done in a lying posture. It starts with a Sashtanga Namaskara in front of the sanctum sanctorum. In Sashtanga Namaskara, the devotees have eight parts of their bodies touching the ground. Thus forehead, chest, shoulders, hands and knees touch the ground. The folded hands will be directed always towards the deity. In this pose, the devotees circumambulate on the Pradakshina path. The relatives and friends of the devotees help them to roll around. This is a tedious ritual.

Number of Pradakshinas
For each deity, the minimum number of Pradakshinas to be done are specified.

Ganesha: 1
Shiva: 2
Vishnu: 3
Ayyappa: 4
Subrahmanya (Karthikeya): 5
Durga: 6
Peepal Tree: 7

The Swayambhu Agama says that doing Pradakshina 21 times to any deity is sanctified.

Significance of doing Pradakshina
We cannot draw a circle without a center point. The Lord is the center, source and essence of our lives. We acknowledge this by performing Pradakshina. Recognizing Him as the focal point in our lives, we go about doing our daily chores. This is the significance of Pradakshina.

Also every point on the circumference of a circle is equidistant from the centre. This means that wherever we may be or whoever we may be, we are equally close to the Lord. His grace flows towards us without partiality.

According to Adi Sankaracharya, real Pradakshina is the meditation that thousands of universes are revolving around the Great Lord, the unmoving centre of all forms.

There is a popular legend about the significance of Pradakshina. Once Lord Shiva wanted his two sons, Ganesha and Subrahmanya, to get "worldly experience" and asked them take a "tour of the universe". While Subrahmanya spent decades traveling the world on his peacock, Ganesha just walked a full circle around his mother and father and is believed to have explained "since the world is contained within you, I have already encircled the world"!

Monday, April 19, 2010

A small trip across mountains in Italy

We self, Keith Hall and Van Der Horst Kees went on a drive through the mountains in Italy started at about 10:30 am on the Sunday morning of 18-04-2010 from President Hotel situated in Salice Terme, Godiasco, Pavia, Italy on a fantastic drive through the mountains driving through Voghera, Varzi, Bobbio, Ferriere, Rocca, Genoa and finally through the Autostrada back to Salice Terme. A small map is attached for ease of understanding the wonderful route.



View Directions to Salice Terme, Italy in a larger map

Friday, November 20, 2009

Saturday, June 6, 2009

Ancestorage and Niyogi Brahmins Cont...........

Surnames (Family Names) of:


Niyogi Brahmins

         1.          
Adaalatu
         2.          
Adukuri
         3.          
Ainamprolu
         4.          
Ainaparti
         5.          
Akhandam
         6.          
Akkiraju
         7.          
Alamuru
         8.          
Alapattu
         9.          
Aleti
       10.        
Alladi
       11.        
Ambadasu
       12.        
Ambarukhana
       13.        
Ammiraju
       14.        
Amruthavakkula
       15.        
Anantavarapu
       16.        
Andukuru
       17.        
Anipeddi
       18.        
Annavarpu
       19.        
Anumarlapudi
       20.        
Attota
       21.        
Ayenapurapu
       22.        
Ayinambrolu
       23.        
Ayinpura
       24.        
Bairavarasu
       25.        
Balijepalli
       26.        
Bathulapalli
       27.        
Beecharaju
       28.        
Bhandaru
       29.        
Bharatam
       30.        
Bhatlapenamarthi
       31.        
Bhatraju
       32.        
Bhimavarapu
       33.        
Birudavolu
       34.        
Bodicherla
       35.        
Bolla
       36.        
Bollapragada
       37.        
Boppudi
       38.        
Brahmandam
       39.        
Budamagunta
       40.        
Chadalavada
       41.        
Chakilam
       42.        
Challa
       43.        
Chandraraju
       44.        
Chelpati
       45.        
Chentapenta
       46.        
Cheruku
       47.        
Chetlapalli
       48.        
Chevendra
       49.        
Chillara
       50.        
Chittem
       51.        
Chodavarapu
       52.        
Daliparthi
       53.        
Damerla
       54.        
Devalraju
       55.        
Devambotla
       56.        
Devarabotla
       57.        
Dongra
       58.        
Dontaraju
       59.        
Dontharaju
       60.        
Dosapati
       61.        
Dubagunta
       62.        
Durga
       63.        
Durgaraju
       64.        
Edlapalli
       65.        
Edury
       66.        
Eedupalli
       67.        
Errampeta Chetlapalli
       68.        
Errapatruni
       69.        
Errum
       70.        
Gaddapalli
       71.        
Gadicharla
       72.        
Gadidasu
       73.        
Gajulapalli
       74.        
Gampa
       75.        
Ganapatiraju
       76.        
Gandavarapu
       77.        
Gandham
       78.        
Gangaravula
       79.        
Ganugapati
       80.        
Garikapati
       81.        
Gatraju
       82.        
Ghali
       83.        
Ghantasala
       84.        
Godavari
       85.        
Goparaju
       86.        
Gopaluni
       87.        
Gorijavolu
       88.        
Guduru
       89.        
Gundlapalli
       90.        
Gundumalla
       91.        
Guntupalli
       92.        
Huggahalli
       93.        
Ikkurthi
       94.        
Ikkurthy
       95.        
Ikkurty
       96.        
Illandula
       97.        
Illendula
       98.        
Illindala
       99.        
Inapurapu
     100.      
Indurthi
     101.      
Inumella
     102.      
Jeedigunta
     103.      
Josyula
     104.      
Kagollu
     105.      
Kagupati
     106.      
Kakarlamudi
     107.      
Kakarlapudi
     108.      
Kakileru Chetlapalli
     109.      
Kamaraju
     110.      
Kambhammettu
     111.      
Kanakabhattula
     112.      
Kanchikacharala
     113.      
Kanchugantala
     114.      
Kandhibanda
     115.      
Kankipati
     116.      
Kanukollu
     117.      
Kapavarapu
     118.      
Karinapati
     119.      
Karlapudi
     120.      
Kasarabada
     121.      
Kathari
     122.      
Kavipurapu
     123.      
Kavulu
     124.      
Kavuluri
     125.      
Kavuru
     126.      
Kesharaju
     127.      
Khandaladinne
     128.      
Koduri
     129.      
Kolipaka
     130.      
Komaravolu
     131.      
Kompalli
     132.      
Kona
     133.      
Koochi
     134.      
Korlimarla
     135.      
Kotamraju
     136.      
Kovuru
     137.      
Kunchanapalli
     138.      
Kuppila
     139.      
Lakinepalli
     140.      
Lakkaraju
     141.      
Lingamgunta
     142.      
Machiraju
     143.      
Maddali
     144.      
Madiraju
     145.      
Mallavarapu
     146.      
Malyala
     147.      
Mandapaka
     148.      
Manikonda
     149.      
Mannava
     150.      
Marella
     151.      
Mattigunta
     152.      
Matukumalli
     153.      
Mittadoddi
     154.      
Modukuru
     155.      
Morparthi
     156.      
Mukkamala
     157.      
Mukkapati
     158.      
Munimanikyam
     159.      
Mylavarapu
     160.      
Nadimpalli
     161.      
Nagulapalli
     162.      
Nandiraju
     163.      
Naraparaju
     164.      
Nibhanupudi
     165.      
Nimmaraju
     166.      
Nissankala
     167.      
Paluvayi
     168.      
Pamarthi
     169.      
Pamidimukkala
     170.      
Parimi
     171.      
Parupudi
     172.      
Patibanda
     173.      
Pavuluri
     174.      
Penamakuri
     175.      
Penamakuru
     176.      
Penugonda Chetlapalli
     177.      
Pidugu
     178.      
Potula
     179.      
Pusuluri
     180.      
Rayabharam
     181.      
Rayaprolu
     182.      
Regadamilli
     183.      
Revuri
     184.      
Rudravarapu
     185.      
Rupanagunta
     186.      
Salapaka
     187.      
Sambaraju
     188.      
Sambatur
     189.      
Sampatam
     190.      
Samudram
     191.      
Sandepudi
     192.      
Sannikandlapadu
     193.      
Saripalli
     194.      
Satram
     195.      
Sattenapalli
     196.      
Savidi
     197.      
Singaraju
     198.      
Somaasi
     199.      
Somaraju
     200.      
Srikaram
     201.      
Sthaanam
     202.      
Tammera
     203.      
Thondapi
     204.      
Toleti
     205.      
Torthi
     206.      
Tumu
     207.      
Turlapati
     208.      
Tuttagunta
     209.      
Twarakavi
     210.      
Udayagiri
     211.      
Ullaganti
     212.      
Uppala
     213.      
Urakaranam
     214.      
Uta
     215.      
Uttaralingamakuntla
     216.      
Vaddiraju
     217.      
Vadduri
     218.      
Vadlamudi
     219.      
Vaduri
     220.      
Vahi
     221.      
Vallambhatla
     222.      
Vanam
     223.      
Vangipurapu
     224.      
Vankamamidi
     225.      
Vankeswarapu
     226.      
Varagani
     227.      
Varahagiri
     228.      
Vareswaram
     229.      
Varkhola
     230.      
Vasa
     231.      
Vegaraju
     232.      
Veladi
     233.      
Velagapudi
     234.      
Vepachedu
     235.      
Vinnakota
     236.      
Vissamraju,
     237.      
Yamarthi
     238.      
Yedida
     239.      
Yerravally

Most of these families belong to "Kanva" or "Kanveeya" branch of Pradhamasakha. Many of these family names are unique to Pradhamasakha, and you may not find the same names in any other Brahmin caste, but some family names are found in various other Brahmin groups as well. Also, some of these family names may be found in non-Brahmin castes due to the fact that many of the family names are derived from the village names.

Aruvela Niyogi

1 Abbaraju
2 Abburi
3 Achanta
4 Addanki
5 Adidamu
6 Adimulam
7 Adipudi
8 Adiraju
9 Aditham
10 Adivi
11 Aduri
12 Adusumalli
13 Ajjarapu
14 Akkanapragada
15 Akkaraju
16 Akkenapragada
17 Akkinapragada
18 Akkinepalli
19 Akkiraju
20 Akunuri
21 Aluru
22 Amanaganti
23 Amancherla
24 Amirapu
25 Ammanabrolu
26 Amperayani
27 Andukuri
28 Annamraju
29 Annapragada
30 Annavaram
31 Apparaju
32 Aradhyula
33 Arjarapu
34 Atlapragada
35 Atluri
36 Atreyapurapu
37 Avasarala
38 Avatapalli
39 Avva
40 Ayyadevara
41 Ayyagari
42 Ayyalaraju
43 Bakaraju
44 Balabhadrapatruni
45 Balanthrapu
46 Balemarthy
47 Balivada
48 Ballijepalli
49 Banda
50 Bandhakavi
51 Bapatla
52 Basavaraju
53 Bendapudi
54 Bhadriraju
55 Bhamidipati
56 Bharatham
57 Bhattiprolu
58 Bhavaraju
59 Bheemaraju
60 Bhimaraju
61 Bhogaraju
62 Bhograj
63 Bhupatiraju
64 Bitragunta
65 Bodapati
66 Boddapati
67 Boinapally
68 Bollapalli
69 Bollapragada
70 Bommakanti
71 Bommaraju
72 Bommireddipalli
73 Bondalapati
74 Botlaguduru
75 Boyanapalli
76 Boyinepalli
77 Brahmandam
78 Budaraju
79 Buddhavarapu
80 Buddhiraju
81 Budhiraju
82 Buyyanapragada
83 Chadalawada
84 Chaganti
85 Chaganty
86 Chakicherla
87 Chakilam
88 Chalamchala
89 Challa
90 Challapally
91 Chamaraju
92 Chamarthy
93 Chandarlapati
94 Chandramouli
95 Chandraraju
96 Chatrathi
97 Cheemalamarri
98 Chennapragada
99 Cherukupalli
100 Cherukuvada
101 Chevuturi
102 Chevuturu
103 Chilakalapudi
104 Chimakurthy
105 Chimatapu
106 Chinnamuttevi
107 Chinta
108 Chintagunta
109 Chintalapudi
110 Chintapalli
111 Chitrapu
112 Chittamuri
113 Chittapragada
114 Chitturi
115 Chodavarapu
116 Choragudi
117 Chunduru
118 Ciriyam
119 Daliparthy
120 Damaraju
121 Dammalapati
122 Danam
123 Dantanaraju
124 Davuluri
125 Desabhatla
126 Desaraju
127 Desiraju
128 Devaguptapu
129 Devalraju
130 Devambotla
131 Devarabhotla
132 Devarabotla
133 Devulapalli
134 Dhanyamraju
135 Dharani
136 Dharmavarapu
137 Dhurjati
138 Dinavahi
139 Dittakavi
140 Doddavarapu
141 Dontaraju
142 Dronamraju
143 Duggaraju
144 Duggirala
145 Duttaluru
146 Eadara
147 Eeswarapragada
148 Elchuri
149 Enjeti
150 Errapragada
151 Gaddamanugu
152 Gade
153 Gadiraju
154 Gady
155 Ganavarapu
156 Gandavarapu
157 Gandrapu
158 Gangaraju
159 Gangavarapu
160 Ganjam
161 Gannavarapu
162 Ganugapati
163 Garnepudy
164 Gollamudi
165 Gollapudi
166 Goparaju
167 Goteti
168 Govindaraju
169 Gudipati
170 Gudladona
171 Gudlavalleti
172 Gullapalli
173 Gummaraju
174 Gundamaraju
175 Gundimeda
176 Gundlapalli
177 Gunnikuntla
178 Gurazada
179 Iduri
180 Idury
181 Illandula
182 Illendula
183 Illindala
184 Inamanamelluri
185 Inampudi
186 Indupalli
187 Inugurthi
188 Inumella
189 Ippagunta
190 Iragavarapu
191 Ivaturi
192 Jakkaraju
193 Jallawaram
194 Jayagiri
195 Jayanthi
196 Jeedigunta
197 Jillellamudi
198 Jonnalagadda
199 Kaasiraju
200 Kadambari
201 Kalapatapu
202 Kalavacharla
203 Kaligotla
204 Kallakuri
205 Kalley
206 Kalluri
207 Kalugotla
208 Kalvakurthi
209 Kamakolanu
210 Kamaraju gadda
211 Kambhammettu
212 Kanakagiri
213 Kanala
214 Kanchnepalli
215 Kandukuri
216 Kanukolanu
217 Kanukollu
218 Kanuparthi
219 Kanuparthy
220 Kapavarapu
221 Karanam
222 Karavadi
223 Kasavaraju
224 Kasthala
225 Kasturi
226 Kasukurthi
227 Katranikona
228 Kattekola
229 Katuri
230 Kavi
231 Kavipurapu
232 Kesaanapalli
233 Kesanupalli
234 Kesapragada
235 Kesinapalli
236 Khambhammettu
237 Kocherlakota
238 Kodi
239 Koduri
240 Koduru
241 Koka
242 Kolanu
243 Komara
244 Komaragiri
245 Komaravolu
246 Komarraju
247 Kommaraju
248 Kona
249 Konda
250 Kondapally
251 Kondepudi
252 Konduri
253 Konduru
254 Konidena
255 Konuru
256 Kopparapu
257 Korimilli
258 Korrapati
259 Korupolu
260 Kotamarthi
261 Kotamraju
262 Kotaru
263 Kotharu
264 Kotichintala
265 Kovuru
266 Krovvidi
267 Kuchimanchi
268 Kummamuru
269 Kunderu
270 Kundurthi
271 Kuntamukkala
272 Kurapati
273 Kurumaddali
274 Lakkapragada
275 Lakkaraju
276 Lakkavajjula
277 Lingamgunta
278 Lingaraju
279 Machavaram
280 Machiraju
281 Maddali
282 Maddikonda
283 Madiraju
284 Majeti
285 Malkapuram
286 Mallampalli
287 Mallapragada
288 Mallavarapu
289 Malyala
290 Manapragada
291 Manchikalapati
292 Manchikanti
293 Manchiraju
294 Mandapaka
295 Mandapati
296 Mangu
297 Mannava
298 Mannepalli
299 Mantri
300 Mantripragada
301 Mantriraju
302 Maramraju
303 Marella
304 Marripati
305 Mattigunta
306 Matukumalli
307 Medikonduru
308 Medukonduru
309 Mittagunta
310 Mocherla
311 Modukuru
312 Mooparti
313 Moorthiraju
314 Mopidevi
315 Movva
316 Mudunuru
317 Mukkamala
318 Muktevi
319 Mulakaluri
320 Mulpur
321 Mulpuri
322 Mulugu
323 Munagamuri
324 Munimanikyam
325 Munipalle
326 Muppalla
327 Mutchumilli
328 Mutharaju
329 Muvva
330 Mydavolu
331 Mylavarapu
332 Mynampati
333 Mysore
334 Nadakuduru
335 Nadela
336 Nadimpalli
337 Nadupalli
338 Namavarapu
339 Namburi
340 Nandanavanam
341 Nandigama
342 Nandiraju
343 Nandiwada
344 Nanduri
345 Naraparaju
346 Navuluri
347 Nedunuri
348 Neelamraju
349 Nellutla
350 Nemali
351 Nemalikanti
352 Nerella
353 Nidamarthi
354 Nidumolu
355 Nimishakavi
356 Nimushakavi
357 Nissankala
358 Paaturi
359 Pabbaraju
360 Pagolu
361 Paidipati
362 Palagummi
363 Palakodety
364 Palepu
365 Palivela
366 Palutla
367 Pamidipati
368 Pamulaparthi
369 Pamulapati
370 Panamgipalli
371 Panchalavarapu
372 Pandrangi
373 Pandravada
374 Panguluri
375 Panthangi
376 Paramathmuni
377 Paramatmuni
378 Paramkusham
379 Parimi
380 Parupalli
381 Pathapati
382 Pathikonda
383 Patibanda
384 Patruni
385 Pattamatta
386 Pavani
387 Peddiraju
388 Pegatraju
389 Pelluri
390 Pemmaraju
391 Penamakuru
392 Penumudi
393 Perala
394 Petluri
395 Piduru
396 Pillutla
397 Pindiproli
398 Pindiprolu
399 Pingali
400 Pochiraju
401 Poduri
402 Pogalore
403 Pokkunuru
404 Polamraju
405 Polapragada
406 Polavaram
407 Poluri
408 Ponduri
409 Ponnada
410 Ponnekanti
411 Poolla
412 Poruri
413 Pothapragada
414 Potharaju
415 Potturi
416 Pragada
417 Pragadaraju
418 Praturi
419 Pubbaraju
420 Puligadda
421 Puligurtha
422 Pulijala
423 Pulikanti
424 Pulipaka
425 Pullamaraju
426 Punyamurthula
427 Pusapati
428 Putrevu
429 Puttabakula
430 Puvvada
431 Rachapudi
432 Racherla
433 Rajasekharuni
434 Ramachandruni
435 Ramapragada
436 Ramaraju
437 Rangaraju
438 Raparla
439 Ravela
440 Ravinutala
441 Ravipati
442 Ravula
443 Ravulaparti
444 Ravulapati
445 Ravuri
446 Rayapudi
447 Rayasam
448 Rebbaprgada
449 Returi
450 Rupanagunta
451 Ryali
452 Saathamraju
453 Sambatur
454 Sambharaju
455 Sandepudi
456 Sangaraju
457 Sanka
458 Sankhamraju
459 Santapur
460 Sarikonda
461 Sarraju
462 Sarvepalli
463 Sathuluri
464 Sattiraju
465 Satyavolu
466 Seethamraju
467 Seethanraju
468 Seethimraju
469 Siddiraju
470 Singam
471 Singampalli
472 Singaraju
473 Siripurapu
474 Srigiriraju
475 Srikantham
476 Sundaragiri
477 Sunkaranam
478 Sunkesula
479 Surampudi
480 Suraparaju
481 Tadakamalla
482 Tadanki
483 Tadepalli
484 Tadikonda
485 Tadimalla
486 Tadimeti
487 Tadinada
488 Talapuru
489 Tallamraju
490 Tallapragada
491 Talluri
492 Talpuri
493 Tamiri (Kousikasa)
494 Tamirisa
495 Tamvada
496 Tanguturi
497 Tanuku
498 Tatavarthy
499 Tatiraju
500 Telidevara
501 Tenneti
502 Tetali
503 Thalupooru
504 Thatikonda
505 Thondapi
506 Thungathurthi
507 Timmaraju
508 Tipparaju
509 Tummalacheruv
510 Tummurugoti
511 Turaga
512 Turimella
513 Turlapati
514 Turlapaty
515 Tvarakavi
516 Unnava
517 Uppalapati
518 Uppaluri
519 Uppuluri
520 Uppugunduri
521 Urvaakaranam
522 Vaddadi
523 Vaddiparthi
524 Vadlamannati
525 Vadrevu
526 Vajja
527 Vajjala
528 Vakkalanka
529 Valluri
530 Valluru
531 Vallury
532 Vamaraju
533 Vangipurapu
534 Vankamamidi
535 Varahagiri
536 Varanasi
537 Varigonda
538 Vasiraju
539 Vedagiri
540 Vedaraju
541 Vedururu
542 Veladi
543 Velagaleti
544 Velagapudi
545 Velaparti
546 Veldurthy
547 Velichety
548 Velpuru
549 Vemavarapu
550 Vempati
551 Vemuganti
552 Vemula
553 Vemulakonda
554 Vemuri
555 Vennelaganti
556 Ventrapragada
557 Venuturupalle
558 Vepakomma
559 Vinnakota
560 Viriyala
561 Vissapragada
562 Volety
563 Voore
564 Vootukuri
565 Voruganti
566 Vurakaranam
567 Wuppalapati
568 Wuppugundur
569 Wuppukondur
570 Wuriti
571 Yabaloori
572 Yabaluri
573 Yallapragada
574 Yamarthi
575 Yandapalli
576 Yandapally
577 Yarrapragada
578 Yeddanapudi
579 Yedida
580 Yellamraju
581 Yendluri
582 Yerragudipati
583 Yerramilli
584 Yerrapragada
585 Yerukalapudi

Niyogis Today

Niyogis are those Brahmins, who took up various secular vocations including military ones like their counterparts in other states such as Chitpavans in Maharashtra, Mohyals in the Punjab, Tyagis and Bhumihar Brahmins in most parts of Northern India and the Pushpaka Brahmins of Kerala. For this many of them gave up religious occupations such as priesthood. Today you can see only hand-full of niyogi priests working in some temples. But still as Brahmins, they are committed to follow individual / family level rituals required to be followed at their homes, even though they don't choose that as career outside. Hence, the Niyogis never either accept a religious gift or partake of Shraadha food (food given to Brahmins during death related rituals). In spite of living in modern age, most of them never give up their consciousness regarding their Vedic heritage, but rather try to follow or understand them radically.

Niyogis depend and emphasize on modern education, administration (Niyogis have traditionally been well represented in the lower cadres of local administration in Andhra Pradesh), management etc. In the past, they were Zamindars, Talukdars, Munsabs, Minor kings, Ministers in the courts of kings and feudatories. Many of them were village accountants / clerks, Karanams (in Andhra) or Patwaris (in Telangana), until recently.

A famous saying goes Yendu Niyogimpavalenanna Niyogimpadagina vaadu Niyogi - He who can be trusted for successful completion of task is a Niyogi.

List of gotras

The word "Gotra" means "lineage" in the Sanskrit language. While it is somewhat akin to a family name, the given name of a family is often different from its gotra, as given names may reflect the traditional occupation, place of residence or other important family characteristic rather than gotra.
People belonging to the same gotra also belong to the same caste in the Hindu social system. But there is a notable exception among matrilineal Tulu/Malayalee speakers where the lineages are the same across the castes. For such lists of gotras compounded by caste, please refer to the following:
Brahmins: refer to List of Brahmin gotras

Vysyas: refer to Komati (caste)

Dhangars: refer to List of Dhangar clans in India

Kammas
Khatris: refer to List of Khatri last names

Kapu / Telaga / Balija / Naidu

Nairs

Reddys

Rajputs: refer to Rajput clans

Jats: refer to List of Jat clans

Kongu Vellala Gounder's: refer to List of Kongu Vellala kootams

Tuluva/Malayalees: refer to Tuluva Malayali lineage system

Rohillas: refer to List of Rohilla Gotra

Boyar caste refer to List of Boyar gotras

Mudaliars

Oraons

The Mouths that Recited Vedas are Grieving

Brahmins played an extraordinary role in the spread of knowledge and vitalizing the Indian society for millennia. Recently, in the freedom movement and national revitalization movements they proved their merit by playing their traditional role as usual. The Brahmins whose goals have been the enlightenment and prosperity of the society are leaving mainstream social, political and economic fields nowadays. Having merit is not enough to garner the positions in various fields and seats in schools in today’s society blighted with reservations and quotas. It is high time they raise their voice against the injustice and get together to fight by blowing the conch of awakening (clarion call), says Parusuram.

Brahmins lost their traditional jobs such as karaneekam (clerk/accountant) and agraharas (land endowments).

(It should be noted that Brahmins are not the priests in every temple. Temples like mutyalamma, poleramma, mahankali etc., where animal sacrifices are a norm, Brahmins are not priests.

Brahmin gotra system

The word "gotra" means "lineage" in the Sanskrit language. Among those of the Brahmin caste, gotras are reckoned patrilineally. Each gotra takes the name of a famous Rishi or sage who was the patrilineal forebearer of that clan. And each Gotra is addressed by the suffix 'sa' or 'asa' as relevant.
The concept of Gotra was the first attempt among Brahmins to classify themselves among different groups. At the beginning, these gentes identified themselves by the names of various rishis (Angirasa, Atri, Gautam, Kashyapa, Bhrigu, Vasishtha, Kutsa, and Bharadvaja; the first seven of these are often enumerated as Saptarishis). It is to be noted that Vishwamitra was initially a Kshatriya king, who later chose and rose to become an ascetic rishi. Hence the gotra was applied to the grouping stemming from one of these rishis as his descendants.

Contents

1 Gotras
2 Gothras and Pravaras
3 Lists of Brahmin Gotras
4 Implications
5 References
6 See also

Gotras

Many lines of descent from the major rishis were later grouped separately. Accordingly, the major gotras were divided into ganas (subdivisions) and each gana was further divided into groups of families. The term gotra was then frequently started being applied to the ganas and to the sub-ganas.
Every Brahmin claims to be a direct patrilinial descendant of one of the founding rishis of a certain gana or sub-gana. It is the gana or sub-gana that is now commonly referred to as gotra.
Over the years, the number of gotras increased due to:

Descendants of original rishi also started new family lineage or new gotras, by inter marriage with other sub-groups of the same caste, and inspired by another rishi whose name they bear as their own gotra.

Pravara is the number of the most excellent rishis who belonged to that particular gotra to which a person belongs. Gotra is the name of the founding father. In Vedic ritual, the importance of the pravara appears to be in its use by the ritualist for extolling his ancestry and proclaiming, "As a descendant of worthy ancestors, I am a fit and proper person to do the act I am performing." The sacred thread yajnopavita worn on upanayana has close connection with the concept of pravaras related to Brahmin gotra system. While tying the knots of sacred thread, an oath is taken in the name of each one of these three or five of the most excellent rishis belonging to one's gotra.

The full affiliation of a brāhamana consists of:Ø Gotra,

ØPravaras

ØSutra (of Kalpa)

ØShakha

(Example:) A brahmana named 'X' introduces himself as follows : I am 'X', of Shrivatsa gotra, of Āpastamba sutra, of Taittiriya shākha of Yajurveda, of five pravaras named Bhārgava, Chyāvana, Āpnavan, Aurva and Jāmdagnya (This example is based upon the example given by Pattābhirām Shastri in the introduction to Vedārtha-Pārijata, cf. ref.).

While the gotras were classified initially according to nine rishis

The pravaras were classified under the names of the following seven rishis:

Agastya
Angirasa
Atri
Bhrigu
Kashyapa
Vasishtha
Vishvamitra

According to the listing of authors included in the verses in Rigved, the rishi Jamadagni was a descendant of rishi Bhrigu while the rishis Gautam and Bharadvaja were the descendants of rishi Angirasa.

The pravara identifies the association of a person with three or sometimes five of the above-mentioned rishis.

For example, Kashyapa Gothram has 3 rishis associated with it viz. Kashyapa, Daivala and Aavatsaara

Gothras and Pravaras

Suryadhwaja: Lakhi (Mehrishi), Soral, Binju

Bharadwaj: Angirasa, Baaryhaspatya (i.e. bRhaspati), Bharadwaja

Rathitara: Angirasa, Baaryhaspatya, Rathitara

Vatula/Vadula: Bhargava, Vaitahavya, Saavedasa

Srivatsa: Bhargava, Chyaavana, Aapnavaana, Owrva, Jaamadaghneya

Salankayana: Viswaamitra, Aghamarshana, Devarata

Shatamarshana: Angirasa, Powrukutsa, Traasatasya

Atreya: Atreya, Aarchanaasa, Syaavaasva

Kowsika: Vishwamitra, Aghavarshana, Kowsika

Kalabodhana / Kalabhavasa (3 variations)
Kalabodhana: Viswaamitra, AAgamarshana, Kalabodhana
Kalaboudha: Viswaamitra, AAgamarshana, Kalaboudha

Kalabhavasa: Viswaamitra, AAgamarshana, Kalabhavasa

Viswamitra: Vaiswaamitra, Devarata, Owtala

Kaundinya: Vaasishta, Maitraavaruna, Kaundinya

Harita/Haritasa: Angirasa, Ambarisha, Yuvanasva

Gautamasa: Angirasa, Aayasyasa, Gautama

Mowdgalya (3 Variations)
Angirasa, Bharmyasva, Mowdgalya
Tarkshya, Bharmyasva, Mowdgalya
Angirasa, Dhavya, Mowdgalya

Sandilya (3 Variations)
Kasyapa, Aavatsaara, Daivala
Kasyapa, Aavatsaara, Sandilya
Kasyapa, Daivala, Asitha

Naitruvakaasyapa: Kasyapa, Aavatsara, Naitruva

Kutsa: Angirasa, Maandhatra, Kowtsa

Kanva (2 Variations)
Angirasa, Ajameeda, Kaanva
Angirasa, Kowra, Kaanva

Paraasara: Vaasishta, Saaktya, Paarasarya

Aagastya: Aagastya, Tardhachyuta, Sowmavaha

Gargi (2 Variations)
Angirasa, Bharhaspatya, Bharadwaja, Upadhyay
Angirasa, Sainya, Gaargya

Bhadarayana: Angirasa, Paarshadaswa, Raatitara

Kasyapa (3 Variations)
Kasyapa, Aavatsaara, Daivala
Kasyapa, Aavatsaara, Naidruva (Naitruva)
Kasyapa, Aavatsaara, Naidruva (Naitruva), Rebha, Raibha, Sandila, Saandilya

Sunkriti (2 Variations)
Angirasa, Kowravidha, Saankritya
Sadhya, Kowravidha, Saankritya

Angirasa, Pourukutsya, Thraasadasya

Goutam/gowtamasa Aangeerasa, ayasya, gowtama

AgniVaiwaswatha: Angirasa, Brahaspthayasa, Bharadwaja, Srukva, Agnivaiwaswathasa

Sankhyayana: Vishwamitra, Aghamarshana, Devaratha

List of Brahmin Gotras

The following is a partial list of gotras found in the Brahmin community of Hindus:

1
Agastya
2
Alambani
3
Angirasa
4
Atreya
5
Atri
6
Bhakdi
7
Bhardwaj
8
Bharadvajasa
8
Bhargava
9
Chandilya
10
Charora
11
Chikitasa
12
Dalabhya
13
Darbhas
14
Dhananjaya
15
Dhanvantari
16
Galvasaya
17
Garga
18
Gargheyasa
19
Gaubhilya
20
Gautam
21
Gautamasa
22
Harita
23
Haritasa
24
Hukman Bhal
25
Jamadagni
26
Jatukarna
27
Kalabodhana
28
Kalaboudha
29
Kalabhavasa
30
Kamakayana Vishwamitra
31
Kanva
32
Kapi
33
Kapil
34
Kashyapa
35
Katyayana
36
Kaundinya
37
Kaunsh
38
Kaushal
39
Kaushalas
40
Kushal
41
Kaushika
42
Kausyagasa
43
Krishnatriya
44
Krishnatreeya
45
Kutsa
46
Kutsasa
47
Lakhi
48
Lohit
49
Lohita-Kowsika
50
Lomasha
51
Mandavya
52
Matanga
53
Mauna Bhargava
54
Moudgalya
55
Mudgala (Maudgalya, Moudgil, Modgil, Mudgal)
56
Nithunthana
57
Nrisimhadevara
58
Nydravakashyapa
59
Parashara
60
Parthivasa
61
Pouragutsya
62
Purang
63
Ratheetarasa
64
Rathitara
65
Rohinya
66
Roushayadana
67
Rowshayadana
68
Saankritya (Sakarawar)
69
Saawarna
70
Saharia Joshi
71
Salankayana
72
Sandilyasa
73
Sangar
74
Sankrithi (Sankrityayan)
75
Sankyanasa
76
Sathamarshana
77
Shaktri
78
Shandelosya
79
Shandilya, sanas
80
Shaunaka
81
Somnasser
82
Soral
83
Srivatsa
84
Sumarkanth
85
Suryadhwaja
86
Tugnait
87
Upadhyay
88
Upamanyu
89
Utsasya
90
Vadula
91
Vaidya/Baidya
92
Valmiki
93
Vardhulasa
94
Vardhviyasa
95
Vardhyswasa
96
Vashishta
97
Vatsa
98
Veetahavya
99
Vishnu
100
Vishnuvardhana
101
Viswamitra
102
Yaska

Implications


Although people belonging to the same gotra are, in theory, related to each other patrilineally, and belong to the same Brahmin caste, there may be very little else in common between them. In fact, as per the Vedic system, a man and a woman belonging to the same gotra are considered to be a brother and sister, and hence, a marriage between a man and a woman belonging to the same gotra (known as sa-gotra) is forbidden as it will cause anomalies in the progeny that come out of such a marriage. A married woman takes up the gotra of her husband. The fact that people belong to a certain gotra says nothing about their domicile, original place of residence, mother tongue or family occupation, which can be known from than lower lever classification below gotra: pravaras, sutra (of Kalpa) and shakha.